The intellectual and cultural impact of British and Irish writers cannot be assessed without reference to their reception in European countries These essays, prepared by an international team of scholars, critics and translators, record the ways in which W B Yeats has been translated, evaluated and emulated in different national and linguistic areas of continental Europe There is a remarkable split between the often politicized reception in Eastern European countries but also Spain on the one hand, and the sober scholarly response in Western Europe on the other Yeats s Irishness and the pre eminence of his lyrical work have posed continuous challenges Three further essays describe the widely divergent reactions to Yeats in his native Ireland, during his lifetime and up to the most recent years