Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men aside from skin cancer One inAmerican men will develop prostate cancer during their lifetime However, there are many other men who have prostate cancer who do not develop symptoms and who are never diagnosed with prostate cancerMost often prostate cancers happen in men who are older than ageAt this time, thanmillion men in the United States who have had prostate cancer at some point during their lives are still livingThe prostate is a small gland shaped like a walnut that is in the center of a man s body within the pelvis The prostate makes a milky fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation It is wrapped around the tube that carries urine out of the body the urethra It sits just below the bladderThere is no way to know for sure if you will get prostate cancer Men have a greater chance of getting prostate cancer if they areyears old or older, are African American, or have a father, brother, or son who has had prostate cancerNot all medical experts agree that screening for prostate cancer will save lives Currently, there is not enough credible evidence to decide if the potential benefit of prostate cancer screening outweighs the potential risks The potential benefit of prostate cancer screening is early detection of cancer, which may make treatment effective Potential risks include false positive test results the test says you have cancer when you do not , treatment of prostate cancers that may never affect your health, and mild to serious side effects from treatment of prostate cancerMost organizations recommend that men discuss with their doctors the benefits and risks of prostate cancer screening CDC supports informed decision making, which encourages men to talk with their doctors to learn the nature and risk of prostate cancer, understand the benefits and risks of the screening tests, and make decisions consistent with their preferences and values

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