Inthe Council of Lyons decreed the end of various new orders of Mendicants which had emerged during the great push for evangelism and poverty in the thirteenth century Latin Church The Franciscans and Dominicans were explicitly excluded, while the Carmelites and Austin friars were allowed a stay of execution These last two were eventually able to acquire approval, but other smaller groups, in particular the Friars of the Sack and Pied Friars, were forced to disband This book outlines the history of those who were threatened by , tracing the development of the two larger orders down to the Council of Trent, and following the fragmentary sources for the brief histories of the discontinued friaries For the first time these orders are treated comparatively the volume offers a total history, from their origins, spirituality and pastoral impact, to their music, buildings and runaways FRANCES ANDREWS teaches at the University of St Andrews and is the author of The Early Humiliati CUP Enjoyable, interesting and nicely written The lack of records on the Sack and Pied Friars must have been frustrating I couldn t find Peter O Dwyer s The Irish Carmelites in the bibliography, which seemed a strange omission. I don t think it was Andrews intent, but what I learned from this is that the friars were selfish, greedy and self centered Concerns that frequently came up were their habits are too like ours, their church is too near us, etc They seemed to care less at times about God than about losing revenue And please note I m not speaking of the other friars they were often the targets of these concerns.