The Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences, Sixth Edition provides a comprehensive summary and evaluation of recent research on the social aspects of aging Thechapters are divided into four sections discussing Aging and Time, Aging and Social Structure, Social Factors and Social Institutions, and Aging and Society Within this context, aging is examined from the perspectives of many disciplines and professions including anthropology, bioethics, demography, economics, epidemiology, law, political science, psychology, and sociologyThe Sixth Edition of the Handbook is virtually % new material Seventeen chapters are on subjects not carried in the previous edition Seven topics were carried over from the previous edition but written by new authors with fresh perspectives and brought up to date Some of the exciting new topics include social relationships in late life, technological change and aging, religion and aging, lifestyle and aging, perceived quality of life, economic security in retirement, and aging and the law There is also a greater emphasis on international perspectives, particularly in chapters on aging and politics, diversity and aging, and immigrationThe Handbook will be of use to researchers and professional practitioners working with the aged It is also suitable for use as a course text for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses on aging and the social sciences


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    This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers To view it, click here from the library c2006frrom the library computerTable of Contents Contributors xv Foreword xvii Preface xix About the Editors xxiii Part One Aging and Time Aging and the Life Course Richard A Settersten, Jr Why Gerontology Needs the Life Course 3 5 Clarifying the Distinctiveness of Old Age 8 2 Exploring Connections Between Old Age and Prior Life Periods 10 3 The End of Gerontology 13 1 Conclusion 14 6 References 16 4 Modeling the Effects of Time Integrating Dem from the library c2006frrom the library computerTable of Contents Contributors xv Foreword xvii Preface xix About the Editors xxiii Part One Aging and Time Aging and the Life Course Richard A Settersten, Jr Why Gerontology Needs the Life Course 3 5 Clarifying the Distinctiveness of Old Age 8 2 Exploring Connections Between Old Age and Prior Life Periods 10 3 The End of Gerontology 13 1 Conclusion 14 6 References 16 4 Modeling the Effects of Time Integrating Demographic and Developmental Perspectives Duane F Alwin Scott M Hofer Ryan J McCammon Conceptions of Time 20 3 Population Concepts 23 1 Analysis Issues 24 4 Modeling the Effects of Time 28 6 Conclusions 34 8 References 35 7 Part Two Aging and Social Structure Morbidity, Disability, and Mortality Kenneth C Land Yang Yang Epidemiologic Transition Theory and Recent Trends in Adult Mortality 42 3 The Dynamics of Morbidity, Disability, and Mortality 45 3 Demographic, Social, and Behavioral Differentials in Morbidity, Disability, and Mortality 48 6 Conclusions and Future Research Directions 54 6 References 55 5 Old Age Through the Lens of Family History Carole Haber The Initial Interpretative Phase Modernization and the Families of the Old 60 1 The Second Phase The Cambridge Group and Its Followers 61 11 A Research Agenda 72 4 References 73 3 Internal and International Migration Charles F Longino, Jr Don E Bradley Internal Migration 76 8 Late Life International Migration 84 5 Future Research Priorities 89 5 References 89 5 Diversity and Aging in the United States Ronald J Angel Jacqueline L Angel Population Diversity and the Pact Between the Generations 94 1 The Ethnic Age Grading of the Population 95 2 Culture and Diversity 97 1 Health of the Elderly Minority Population 98 3 Income and Wealth The Sources of Retirement Security 101 1 Age at Immigration 102 1 Medical Care, Living Arrangements, and Long Term Care 103 1 Conclusion 104 7 References 106 5 Social Networks and Health Jennifer L Moren Cross Nan Lin Social Structure and Health 111 1 The Network Approach 112 3 Review of Social Network Properties and Health 115 6 Conclusions and Directions for Future Research 121 8 References 124 5 Converging Divergences in Age, Gender, Health, and Well Being Strategic Selection in the Third Age Phyllis Moen Donna Spencer Age and Gender Graded Role Constellations 129 2 The Third Age and Retirement Institutions and Role Constellations in Flux 131 3 Converging Divergences in the Third Age Consequences of Obsolete Age and Gender Graded Constellations 134 4 A Converging Divergence 138 1 Summary 139 7 References 140 6 Stratification and the Life Course Life Course Capital, Life Course Risks, and Social Inequality Angela M O Rand Life Course Capital Evolutionary and Social Origins 146 2 Forms of Life Course Capital A Brief Review 148 1 Childhood The First Life Course Risks in the Development of Life Course Capital 149 3 Challenges to Linking Childhood Origins to Adult Outcomes 152 1 Life Course Risks After Childhood Variant Opportunities and Deviant Setbacks 153 1 Variant Adult Pathways to Inequality Patterns of Disadvantage and Advantage 154 2 Deviant Setbacks in the Life Course Criminal Records 156 1 Conclusions The Retrenchment of Equalizing Institutions and Life Course Stratification 157 9 References 158 8 Part Three Social Factors and Social Institutions Intergenerational Family Transfers in Social Context Merril Silverstein Altruism, Power, and Reciprocity in Family Systems 166 4 Public Private Interfaces 170 2 Corporate and Mutual Aid Models 172 2 Normative Moral Perspectives on Transfers 174 1 Conclusion 175 7 References 176 6 Social Relationships in Late Life Neal Krause What Are Social Relationships 182 1 Exploring the Genesis of Social Relationships 182 6 Social Relationships and Health 188 5 Variations by Race 193 3 The Current State of Theory on Social Relationships 196 1 Conclusions 197 5 References 198 4 Older Workers Melissa Hardy Who Are Older Workers in Today s Economy 202 1 The Demographic Context of an Aging Labor Force 203 1 Age Discrimination in the Workplace 204 1 Experiences of Older Workers in the Labor Market 205 2 Employment Opportunities for Older Workers 207 1 Improving the Fit Between Human Resources and Jobs 208 1 Older Worker Policies in Comparative Perspective 209 5 Conclusions 214 6 References 215 5 Economic Status of the Aged Karen Holden Charles Hatcher Income and Asset Status of Older Adults 220 10 Measures of Economic Well Being 230 4 Conclusions and Directions for Future Research 234 4 References 235 3 Health and Aging Kenneth F Ferraro Fifty Years of Research on Health and Aging 238 3 Life Course Epidemiology 241 4 Health and Illness Behavior 245 3 Future Research Directions 248 2 Social Forces and Health Across the Life Course 250 8 References 250 8 Technological Change and Aging Stephen J Cutler Theoretical Perspectives 258 1 Overview of Applications 259 6 Factors in the Use of Technology by Older Persons 265 4 Conclusions 269 8 References 270 7 Religion and Aging Ellen Idler Background 277 4 Views of Aging in the World Religions 281 2 Religious Involvement and Aging Across the Life Course 283 3 Cohort Differences in Religious Involvement 286 1 Societal Aging and Its Impact on Religious Institutions 287 2 Impact of Religious Involvement on Health in Late Life 289 4 Congregation and Clergy Care for Older Adults 293 1 Communities of Memory Ethnographies of Old Age in Religious Communities 294 1 Conclusion 295 8 References 295 8 Lifestyle and Aging Jon Hendricks Laurie Russell Hatch Defining Lifestyle 303 5 Successful Aging as Code for Lifestyle 308 1 An Agenda to Re Unite Structure and Agency as Constitutive of Lifestyle 309 7 Conclusion 316 5 References 316 5 Perceived Quality of Life Linda K George Conceptualizing and Defining Quality of Life 321 1 Is Quality of Life an Objective or Subjective Phenomenon 321 1 Is Successful Aging the Same as Quality of Life 322 1 Is Quality of Life Responsive to Changing Internal and External Circumstances 322 1 Determinants of Subjective Well Being 323 1 Demographic Characteristics 324 1 Socioeconomic Status 325 1 Health 325 1 Activities 325 1 Social Integration 326 1 Social Ties and Social Support 327 1 Psychosocial Mediators of the Determinants of SWB 327 1 Sense of Control and Related Constructs 327 1 Sense of Meaning 328 1 Social Comparisons 328 1 Discrepancy Theories 329 1 Strategic Investments of Time and Resources 329 1 A Cautionary Note 329 1 Cross Cultural Comparisons 330 1 Priority Issues for Future Research 331 8 References 333 6 Part Four Aging and Society Aging and Politics An International Perspective Alan Walker The New Politics of Aging 339 3 The New Macro Politics of Aging 342 2 The New Meso and Micro Politics of Aging 344 2 Participation in Local Decision Making 346 1 Participation in National Decision Making 347 1 Gray Power Reality or Myth 347 3 Barriers to Political Participation and Influence 350 3 Prospects for the Politics of Aging A Research Agenda 353 7 References 356 4 Economic Security in Retirement Reshaping the Public Private Pension Mix James H Schulz Allan Borowski What Pension Mix 360 1 Pensions in the Twentieth Century Defined Benefit Plans Dominate 361 4 Pensions in the Twenty First Century The Rise of Defined Contribution Plans 365 2 Problems with Defined Contribution Plans 367 3 International Experience with New Pension Mixes 370 5 Which Way Reform 375 6 References 377 4 Organization and Financing of Health Care Marilyn Moon The Creation of Medicare and Medicaid 381 2 The Pressures on a Public System 383 2 How the Total System Has Evolved Over Time 385 3 Issues Surrounding Reliance on the Private Market 388 3 Where Medicaid and Medicare Are Today 391 1 Where Could We Go with the Organization and Financing of Care 392 5 References 395 2 Emerging Issues in Long Term Care Robyn I Stone Defining Long Term Care 397 3 The Triple Knot of Long Term Care 400 8 Emerging Issues in Long Term Care 408 11 References 414 5 Aging and the Law Marshall B Kapp Law as a Social Tool 419 3 Law as a Source of Elder Rights 422 2 Legal Grounds for Government Interventions 424 2 Legal Status of Older Persons 426 5 Does the Law Accomplish Its Goals 431 1 Elder Law as a Legal Specialty 432 1 Looking to the Future 433 4 References 434 3 Anti Aging Medicine and Science Social Implications Robert H Binstock Jennifer R Fishman Thomas E Johnson The Contemporary Anti Aging Movement 437 4 Boundary Work Gerontologists versus Anti Aging Medicine 441 2 Anti Aging Frontiers in Biogerontology 443 5 Issues for Future Research 448 9 References 451 6 Aging and Justice Martin Kohli Age and Generation 457 2 Justice Empirical and Normative Perspectives 459 5 Generational Equity Discourse and Institutions 464 3 Generational Equity The Empirical Record 467 3 Attitudes Toward the Public Generational Contract 470 4 The Public and the Private Generational Contract 474 1 Conclusion 474 5 References 475 4 Author Index 479 28 Subject Index 507